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Biodiversity

A crustacean, a mammal, and a reptile -- a common gathering of biodiverse friends in Galapagos. (Photo by Mary Blake)

The Galapagos Islands are home to some of the highest levels of endemism (species found nowhere else on earth) anywhere on the planet. About 80% of the land birds you will see, 97% of the reptiles and land mammals, and more than 30% of the plants are endemic. More than 20% of the marine species in Galapagos are found nowhere else on earth. Favorites include the giant Galapagos tortoise, marine iguana, flightless cormorant, and the Galapagos penguin—the only penguin species to be found in the Northern Hemisphere.

The menu at left will lead you to basic background information on the various wildlife groups found in the Galapagos Islands.

Tortoise Cam

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Nearly 50 species in Galapagos are listed as Endangered or Critically Endangered by the IUCN — like the rare Galapagos penguin, waved albatross, pink land iguana, and more. Your gift today will help ensure the long-term protection of Galapagos and all its native species.