Dr. Cleve Hickman
Cleveland (Cleve) Hickman first visited Galapagos in 1974 on a family trip with his wife, Rae, and his mother and father. During that trip he decided that Galapagos afforded special learning opportunities for his students. Over the next 20 years, Cleve led more than 140 Washington and Lee biology students on 12 expeditions to Galapagos. These students carried out the first intertidal surveys of Galapagos invertebrate fauna. Since little had been documented about marine invertebrates in Galapagos, he led the development and publication of the first field guides on sea stars, marine molluscs, sea cucumbers, crustaceans and corals found in Galapagos. These publications continue to be important tools for scientists working in Galapagos today. In addition to his remarkable scientific contributions, Cleve has been a generous contributor to Galapagos science efforts for many years, and one of Galapagos Conservancy’s most loyal donors for more than 20 years. Cleve and Rae still live in Lexington, Virginia where he is Professor Emeritus at Washington and Lee University. He continues his research in his office lab on campus and is now working on a fifth guidebook to the sponges and ascidians in the Galapagos Marine Life Series. Cleve can also be found woodworking in his shop on House Mountain and playing flute in local chamber music ensembles.
In Memoriam: Bruce Carl Epler
Galapagos conservation lost a great friend and passionate advocate when, on March 17, 2010, Bruce Carl Epler passed away after a long struggle with cancer. A natural resources economist, Bruce was among the first to write critically and thoughtfully about tourism in Galapagos and its unintended consequences on long-term conservation. His seminal work in the 1980s provided a baseline against which future tourism models and economic flows could be captured. In 2007, Bruce revisited his earlier examination on tourism in a white paper entitled Tourism, the Economy, Population Growth and Conservation in the Galapagos which looked unflinchingly at the negative impact on Galapagos economics, social structure, and conservation brought by unchecked growth in tourism. In 2010, Bruce finished what would be his last white paper, in collaboration with his long-time colleague Dr. Craig MacFarland, called Galápagos Tourism: An Ecological and Economic Conundrum. While a serious writer and conservation professional, Bruce was also a witty, lively, and irreverent presence. His intelligence and spirit will be deeply missed.
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